Andres Bonifacio (1863-1897) was a Philippine revolutionary leader and founder of the Katipunan, a society which aimed to start an independence movement against Spain. Although one of the 'masses', Bonifacio was said to have very educated, even reading literary books such as Victor Hugo's Les Miserables. He was also a great admirer of Jose Rizal.
He led the revolution in its early stages; but during the heat of the revolt, two factions were formed within the Katipunan: the Magdalo and the Magdiwang. To cut the story short, a general election was held in Tejeros, Cavite in an attempt to reconcile the two parties. The Magdalo, led by Emilio Aguinaldo, who would later become the president of the First Philippine Republic, emerged victorious. Bonifacio didn't even win a single position; he cried foul and ultimately he was arrested by Aguinaldo's officers, who executed him and his brother Procopio in the hilly areas of Maragondon, Cavite on May 10, 1897. It is a subject of debate whether Bonifacio was executed in Mt. Buntis or Mt. Nagpatong.